With the recent closures of Toys “R” Us (U.S.), Maplin and Topshop Australia, we investigate whether the internet is killing off physical stores and offer practical advice to dynamic retail businesses on how to avoid going under
Retail spaces are very different to the places they were 10 years ago, with shops increasingly being used as showrooms for products that customers will check out and then buy online, after some online price shopping.
This is true across global markets where retailers are finding that, while the basics of retail remain the same, their consumers’ behaviour is changing. We ask our colleagues in Canada, the US, Australia and the UK to give their insights into what businesses can do to meet the changing needs of a more sophisticated, increasingly digital, customer and how retailers can plan for the future in a disrupted market.
The changing role of the store
The role of retail stores has shifted. Along with acting as showrooms, they’re now pick-up points for parcels, cafés and sometimes meeting points.The smartest businesses are realising this and evolving to stay ahead of the game. Many of those that haven’t figured this out have gone out of business.
Research from location data advertising firm inMarket shows that shoppers in the US are making more short trips to Whole Foods stores that have installed Amazon.com lockers, which allow shoppers to collect their Amazon parcels. Walmart recently decided to follow suit.
The answer, then, might seem to be to board up your windows and open some virtual ones. However, this isn’t always the best or most economical solution, says Grant Thornton Canada’s VP, Daniel Wootton.
“An online presence requires a large amount of investment,” he says. “Some people assume that online sales might have lower overheads than in-store sales, but that is not always the case, online sales may require increased customer service and separate distribution models. Some retailers – such as boutiques – need to maintain the personalised service they might have been associated with offline.”
There is still a place for the bricks-and-mortar store, says Simon Trivett, partner and national head of consumer products and retail at Grant Thornton Australia. “Best estimates are that online still accounts for only about 7 to 8 per cent of total retail in Australia [compared with 16.9 per cent in the UK and 10 per cent in the US].
“In Australia, distances between our major centres are huge. To fly from Melbourne to Perth takes four hours. Online retailers can’t easily set up one or two centralised distribution centres. Or, they get the geography right, but they struggle to get the products out. So Australian retailers have a significant role to play.
“The basic retail 101 hasn’t changed,” Simon adds. “Retailers can still offer a compelling retail experience with good in-store service and by creating communities.”
Keeping up with the changing consumer
“Consumers are going through fundamental changes in behaviour – how they buy, what they buy, what method they use to buy and the way they make the overall buying decision,” says Grant Thornton UK restructuring partner Senthil Alagar.
“In the UK market,” adds Senthil, “what is noticeable is the decrease in the proportion of spending on retail, with other spending going on experiencing things rather than owning things.”
“For many items the spending decision has changed. There is plenty of choice for the consumer and they go to the store to experience the brand, the product, the size, but then may actually spend elsewhere.”
The important thing, says Daniel, is knowing the customer – and this applies across all service sectors. Predicting consumer behaviour has become increasingly important and the likes of Amazon know this, altering their stock according to what they think you are likely to buy next.
Customers are increasingly using social media to identify and research products, they demand price transparency and want a personalised service.
One good example of a company that has made that turnaround successfully is Best Buy, says Daniel. “It was struggling but it realised that some of their goods had become commodities – customers viewed the goods in-store, left the store, went home and ordered online somewhere else (possibly at a lower price). So Best Buy created its own online presence, with sales promotions, email blasts and e-flyers, and has been able to mitigate lost sales.” He adds: “Physical stores are still relevant; they just watched their customers’ behaviour.”
Investing in technology
In order to do all of this, it is essential to find the right technology. Being omni-channel can be costly, so how can you make sure you’re investing in the right tools for the right approach? Should you invest the money in online marketing or should you be investing in tools to enable you to get to know your customers better?
When Blockbuster Canada went into receivership it was still making money but its parent company wasn’t. “This meant there was a limited ability to invest in Canada as profits were diverted to the parent,” Daniel explains, “so the parent brought down the rest of the ship with it. The same situation largely may apply to retailers who are too highly leveraged with debt.” The fact is, he says, you can’t do too little too late.
“Retailers need to recognise how fast technology has allowed the industry to change. We have to be adaptive or one or two years could go by and you’re obsolete. Now social media, mobile and voice are all coming into play.”
“Those companies that invest in data analytics and tools to manage the supply chain better will also stay ahead,” says Kevin Kelly, Grant Thornton US audit services partner and retail industry practice leader. “The power of the data that’s out there is tremendous, but data alone won’t give you the knowledge you need.”
Investment in tech is essential, but only if it’s used correctly – after all, there’s no point in spending a fortune on the latest tools if you don’t have the staff to use them properly or the willingness to adopt the changes the tools allow or suggest.
Pivoting your retail business
Retailers should be prepared to alter their set-up fast, says Simon: “A great example of this is British brand TM Lewin. It set up in Australia because the fastest-growing part of the UK business was online sales. It started as an Australian business with a UK brand.
“However, the customers were buying online from the UK and trying to go into the store to exchange. They were unable to do so because everything was being managed from the UK. TM Lewin realised the problem and set up a seamless new system whereby the store would package the exchange and ship it back to the UK. It adapted very quickly and made it work for the customer, and now it’s doing well.”
The retail industry has been disrupted and has changed fast so staff, and more importantly their leaders, need to be adaptive. AI is going to transform businesses, so company culture will also need to change accordingly. Stay ahead, live and experience the evolution or risk being disrupted.
How to address retail disruption
Daniel suggests revisiting your company goals and mission or consider bringing in a chief restructuring officer in a distressed environment both for a new perspective and for the skillset for such situations.
“Old-school management teams struggle with understanding the new environment and this makes it hard for legacy lumbering portfolios,” says Senthil. “This means it’s not easy to ‘pivot’ if they have large infrastructure and an older business model.”
Senthil suggests that management teams must have the knowledge base and capability to adapt to change but also know the tools to actually drive change, such as those that address the brand proposition.
Make a sustainable plan
One big issue is that retailers are still taking shortcuts when sustainable plans should be in place. If a limited company is insolvent, it can use a Company Voluntary Arrangement (CVA) to pay creditors over a fixed period. “CVAs are an expedient route but don’t just fix everything,” warns Senthil. “When you plan to go through a CVA, why not make a plan to go through a sustainable solution process? This gives lasting confidence to your stakeholders.”
“We advise at the point of strategy formulation, ongoing strategy review and in response to a specific issue,” says Senthil. “We can help articulate what will work well and what are the risks a retailer might face. It’s also important to be involved in the industry which is why we’re delighted Patrick Woodall recently joined Grant Thornton UK as an advisor. He has more than 25 years’ retail experience and is the current chairman of LK Bennett.”
Grant Thornton has the industry expertise to both challenge and support management teams to help them improve and change in response to disruption. Contact Daniel Wootton, Simon Trivett, Senthil Alagar and Kevin Kelly or visit our global recovery and reorganisation page for experts in your region.
Action plan: future-proof your retail business
Knowing your customer is key. This is not news, but retail giants shouldn’t get too comfortable – or it could lead to their downfall. Along with understanding and predicting behaviour, making a sustainable plan will allow the business to adapt in this age of retail disruption - be that by investing in new technology, training or hiring appropriate staff, or taking decisive action to revise their business model.
- Know your customer
- Invest in the right tech for the right reasons
- Prepare and train staff for a changing marketplace
- Decide what action you can take right now