Charities & not For Profit

Telling your story –Financial reporting by Charities

Noel Delaney Noel Delaney

Ireland’s not-for-profit sector comprises over 23,000 community, voluntary and charity organisations both north and south. All are unique in their own way and many have to ‘up their competitive game’ in order to attract the attention of donors and grant awarding bodies. How a charity tells its own story can be extremely helpful in raising awareness, as well as funds, to support the charitable activities that it undertakes. The charity’s Annual Report affords a great opportunity to do so.

In the Republic of Ireland, The Courts and Civil Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Bill 2017 is proposing to make amendments to the Charities Act 2009, which would allow the Charity Regulatory Authority (CRA) to introduce additional financial reporting requirements for CRA-registered charities. Such reporting requirements would be size-dependent and follow on from a public consultation held. Charities breaching an income threshold, still to be determined, maybe required to apply the Statement of Recommended Practice (or “SORP”) “Accounting and Reporting by Charities” as the basis for preparing their Annual Reports. Some who fall outside that threshold requirement may choose to voluntarily adopt the SORP.

The introduction of the Charities (Accounts and Reports) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2015 meant that those charities with income over £250,000 are now required to apply the Statement of Recommended Practice (or “the SORP”) “Accounting and Reporting by Charities” as the basis for preparing their Annual Report. Those who fall outside that threshold requirement may choose to voluntarily adopt the SORP.

The SORP has been designed to improve the quality of financial reporting by charities, as well as enhancing the transparency, understandability and quality of information presented in the charity’s financial statements. As a result, the SORP requires more comprehensive and detailed disclosures than the charity may have previously reported.

Financial statements produced under the SORP will contain a narrative report, referred to as the Trustees’ Annual Report. The primary purpose of this Report is to ensure that the charity is publicly accountable to its stakeholders for the stewardship and management of the funds it holds.

It can be easy for Trustees to dismiss the preparation of this report as a laborious exercise purely to meet the various legislative and financial reporting framework requirements, however, this was certainly not the intention of the SORP writers.

The Trustees’ Annual Report is a chance for the Trustees to “tell the story” of their charity – celebrating their achievements and demonstrating the difference that the charity is making among its beneficiaries. The Report is a perhaps unique opportunity to reach both the charity’s existing supporters and the wider general public and provides a platform to highlight the good work that is being carried out.

A strong Report also ensures that the charity can demonstrate its governance arrangements and allow the organization to be publicly accountable to its stakeholders for the funds it receives and the activities and expenditures it carries out. The full picture cannot always be easily obtained from the financial information and so the Report is key in addressing the more qualitative, non-financial results of the charity – the impact it has made, the objectives it has for the future and its overall strategy and aims.

The Report does not need to be lengthy, nor does it have to be purely narrative. Photographs, quotations from service users and bold design can all be used to develop an attractive and informative document.

The responsibility for the Report ultimately lies with the charity’s Trustees. Many are now starting to think about the annual financial statements of their charity and as well as focusing on the numbers, trustees should see their annual report as an opportunity to tell the charity’s story to the world.