article banner

FRS 100–102: how is it for you?

Fergus Condon Fergus Condon

Fergus Condon, recently wrote an article for the Irish Tax Review, detailing the main points of FRS 100-102.

When the new mandatory accounting framework for Irish and UK companies was issued in March 2013, the transition date seemed a long way off. Indeed it was, but now the effective date for most companies, 1 January 2015, has come and gone and the question arises: how is it for you?

There is not a one-size-fits all answer to that question. A minority of companies have applied the new framework early so as to take the benefit of the reduced disclosure framework; the vast majority have yet to start any work on the conversion; and there are the lucky few that, by not having a calendar year-end, get another year of grace and so can see how it has impacted on others before making their own decisions on next steps.

In this context, let us remind ourselves of the changes in the accounting framework before considering some of the potential business, as well as accounting, impacts. Figure 1 provides a snapshot of those changes.

The choice in FRS 100 means that the numbers in the financial statements can be prepared on the basis of IFRS, FRS 102 or the FRSSE (Financial Reporting Standard for Smaller Entities).

The framework that you choose should be influenced by the complexity of your business and the stakeholder group involved. For example, if your business is operated through a single company and undertakes trade in Ireland only, it is likely that the directors will choose to apply either FRS 102 or the FRSSE. If so, then for the most part the new accounting framework will impact on the look and feel of the financial statements, but the reported numbers may not change significantly.

For businesses that are more complex, that involve trading through a group or that are just bigger in size, there is likely to be an impact not only in the numbers and disclosures reported but also potentially on other areas of the business such as tax or IT.

Snapshot of the new framework

  • FRS 100 sets out the new reporting framework, essentially outlining potential choices for companies;
  • FRS 101 introduces a reduced disclosure framework for “qualifying entities”. This represents an opportunity to make the statutory accounting process more efficient;
  • FRS 102, although largely based on the International Accounting Standards Board’s IFRS for SMEs, has been amended for company law and other matters. This now replaces all SSAPs, FRSs and UITF Abstracts;
  • FRS 103 consolidates the guidance in IFRS 4, FRS 27 and the Association of British Insurers’ SORP. It applies only to insurance companies that select FRS 102 as their basis of accounting;
  • The FRSSE continues to be available for non-complex business, but it has not historically been popular in Ireland, particularly with those that have banking facilities; and
  • Application of the new framework is mandatory for accounting periods beginning on or after 1 January 2015.